History of the territory

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Calabria, stretched out with its mountains between two seas to spread his hand to Sicily, presents views of incomparable beauty and vastness. Inside, steep mountains dense and dark woods. From the divine Valley of the Crati to the fascinating Sila, is a whole Phantasmagoria of marine, of hills, mountains, coastal's who bathe in the sea and in which all look great and illustrious Greek cities that made famous this part of ancient Italy.

The Greeks chose this land to create a larger homeland, which they gave the name of Magna Greece. When the Greeks landed on the coasts of Calabria, the region had already millenniums of lives. In ancient times Calabria did not exist, almost completely submerged by the sea. Giant earthquakes and tsunamis cataclysms made by sculptors at the service of nature that they
which altered the morphology of the territory. Snow, winds, rivers cesellarono the sides of mountains, finishing chisel work. Later, the presence of man manifested itself already in the stone age. It was the tribe of italic peoples called Enotri, cones, Osci, Morgetis , Bruzi. The latter became the most powerful, enough to supplant the Lucani and, thus to the conquered territory as "Bruzio", "country of the Bruzi".

The Greek period gave the Calabria a considerable luster in the arts as in philosophical thought, in politics as in the taste for beauty, so to be called beauty he not only that he came from the Ionian city of Sybaris, but he who does cosmetic a refined lifestyle, elegant. The city saw famous philosophers such as Pythagoras, poets and painters such as Stesichorus, Ibycus, Zeuxis, savi as legislators, Coronda and Zaleuco.

Elegant Sybaris
was the most beautiful of the Greek colonies, famous for luxury and debauchery of its inhabitants, to the point that even today who surrenders to a life of pleasures is referred to as a "sybarite". Wore clothes of unparalleled elegance, wove gold spent nights partying and slept on couches of rose petals. Maybe they're exaggerations, but it is certain that these people were so nice and loving harmony from having banned all forms of violence.

The sybaritic and their legendary city were erased from the face of the Earth in a couple of months at the hands of Crotone's troops led by Milone, that to complete the work, on the advice of Pythagoras, arrived even divert the course of the river Crati.
Much splendor that remain not fantastic stories of unparalleled lifestyle and, of course, the ruins of the city. in truth, only a small part has been excavated: remains of houses in the locality of Horse Park and a temple dedicated to Athena, where the Museum of Sibari the decadence of the Magna Greece began with the wars between the same city, who became rivals to friends by destroying each other, as happened in the case of Crotone and Sibari. Later, the region was the scene of fierce fighting between the Lucani and the Syracusans, these allies of the Greek cities. In the 3rd century BC began to press the power of Rome.
The Bruzi there opposed fiercely along with Lucan and Greeks ; initially teaming up with Pyrrhus, King of Epirus, called in Italy by Taranto, and then siding with Hannibal when these invaded the peninsula, during the Second Punic War. Carthage, the Romans won tamed ruthlessly region, shutting down the last attempt to rescue even when, led by Spartacus, broke out for some time the servile war in the heart of the Earth (bruttium).

During the Roman Empire, the Bruzio was joined to Lucania to form the third Italian region and did not have, for centuries, a particular story. After the barbarian invasions, followed, in turn, the dominations of the Byzantines and the Lombards. On the coast you can see numerous Turkish towers and defense, built by the Byzantines against the terrible ferocious incursions Saracen pirates.

It was during this period the bruzio name change in Calabria. During this period, the monks of St. Basil were in Calabria from the East to escape persecution of the Arabs, giving rise to numerous churches and monasteries of great artistic value. The presence of Normans throughout southern Italy granted commercial and maritime development, and developed the exquisite art of silk, Which later became flourishing in Catanzaro.

Swabian domination also had for Calabria special attention, especially through the work of the great Frederick II.
Later, under the Angevins under the Aragonese and French Spanish, the region underwent a period of decline caused by the serious charges that impoverishing the population, often induce a desperate acts of rebellion against the oppressors. During the aragonese domination, began to arrive in Calabria numerous Albanian colonies. As the Basilian monks, even Albanians fled from their homeland to sottomersi not the Turks, against whom they had heroically but unsuccessfully, fought under the guidance of their Prince, Giorgio Castriota Skànderbeg (1403-1468). Established in Calabria, particularly in Cosentino around the Valley of the Crati, the Albanians gave a distinctive mark on this area, founding several villages that still, after so many centuries, language, rituals, customs and colorful costumes of Albania.

The Spanish domination, from the 16th century to the 18th century, it was sad and painful for the whole of Italy, but especially for the Calabria, which suffered countless evils and decayed in the most miserable conditions. The bullied and the exquisite setting of the rulers were, in fact, the troubles of the plagues of malaria, earthquakes, of the Saracen raids.
It was during these centuries that the once thriving region, especially along the coast, went down to that level of misery and abandonment as a result of which, later, he occasionally struggled to recover. Yet, even so, prostrate Calabria gave to Italy his high spiritual contribution with the works and thought of scientists and philosophers such as Telesio Bernardini and Tommaso Campanella, and other notable figures such as the writer Giovan Paolo Parrhasius, musician Leonardo Vinci, the painter Mattia Preti.

The Cosenza province occupies the central-northern part of Calabria. With an area of 6,650 km2 and 732,869 inhabitants it is the fifth largest province in Italy. Cosenza, the provincial capital, is 228 m s.l.m. among the Sila Grande and the Coastal chain and is the only Calabrian cities to have kept traces of antiquity.
Between lanes and medieval castle dominates views. Cosenza was named as the "Athens of Calabria for the cultural footprint that remains today. The city was founded by the Bruzi, but various finds are evidence of the strong influence that had the Magna Greece. Cosenza fought alongside Hannibal against the Romans who conquered in 204 BC.

After being conquered by the Visigoths in 410 a.d., was dominated by various invading peoples including the Lombards, Byzantines, Normans, the Swabians, the Angevins, Aragonese and Spanish. The city began to flourish again both from the artistic point of view and cultural in sec. 16TH when it was founded the Cosentian Academy is one of the first academies founded in Europe [1], the second of the Kingdom of Naples (1511). The Cosenza province roughly corresponds to the territory of the ancient province of Calabria Citeriore. The banner consists of a cross which represents the value of the Crusaders Calabrians who, under the leadership of bohemond, Duke of Calabria, participated in the liberation of Jerusalem
Sights: the Cathedral of Cosenza: open by Frederick II is characterized by the Gothic façade of the 13th century although there overlap Baroque elements. Inside is rich in works of art including the funeral monument dedicated to Isabella of Aragon, wife of Frederick III, King of France. The Church of san Francesco and the adjacent cloister: the Church is 1217 but was modified in the ' 700.

Il tesoro di Alarico
King Alaric I, after the sack of Rome, came down in southern Italy where he took malaria. He died at Cosenza in 410 a.d., where according to Visigothic tradition, was buried along with the immense treasure stolen in Rome just in the bed of the river Busento, who was diverted from its course through a great work of hydraulic engineering using hundreds of slaves who, having brought back the River in its natural bed, were murdered by the same army of Alaric in order to preserve the secrecy of the point of burial. The legend of Alaric and his burial in the Busento inspired the poetry of August Graf von Platen Das Grab im Busento (the Tomb in the Busento) with a romantic representation of the death and burial of Alaric. The poem was translated into Italian by Giosuè Carducci.

CUPI suonanoda Cosenza songs at night on the river Busento, gloomy the rimormora from its sleepy Eddy.Up and down to the river pass and researches review shadows.